Preventive medicine includes measures taken for disease prevention rather than disease treatment. Diseases, just like health, comprises of a variety of factors like environmental factors, disease agents, genetic factors and lifestyle choices. Health and diseases are constantly changing processes and begin before a person realizes that he is affected. Preventive medicine primarily focuses on protecting, promoting and maintaining health and well-being and preventing diseases or disability in individuals, communities and defined populations.
Individuals specializing in preventive medicine are licensed Doctors of Osteopathy (DO) and Medical Doctors (MD). They have expertise in environmental and occupational medicine, biostatistics, epidemiology, planning and evaluation of health services, the practice of prevention in clinical medicine, researching causes of diseases and disorders in population groups, and management of health care organizations.
At Fortis Escorts Department of Preventive Medicine, our team of highly qualified doctors uses their extensive knowledge and skills gained from the medical, economic, geographical, social, and behavioral sciences to provide you with the best of care.
Conditions and Tests
- Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar, a risk factor for diabetes mellitus)
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Genetic testing
- Sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia, Syphilis, and Gonorrhea
- Screening for osteoporosis
- Hypercholesterolemia (high blood cholesterol)
- Screening for colon cancer
- Colorectal cancer screening
- Mammography (To Screen for Breast Cancer)
- A pap test (To Check for Cervical Cancer)
- And Screening for osteoporosis.
It focuses on helping expecting parents by providing necessary information and knowledge and by giving the upcoming child adequate attention and care during his/her primal period of life (from birth to first birthday). It also involves providing a safe, secure and affective environment for the child in his/her primal period of life.
It includes promoting health and safety in a more traditional sense. Health promotion involves making healthy and non-clinical lifestyle choices like eating healthy food and regular exercise not just to prevent diseases but to promote overall well-being. These activities do not target a particular disease or disorder but promote the general health and well-being and prevent diseases and prolong life expectancy.
It deals with latent diseases and helps in preventing these diseases from progressing into an active or symptomatic disease. The definition of a disease can vary from individual to individual. Whatever it might be, secondary prevention focuses on detecting and treating early on. It involves early diagnosis and prompt treatment to prevent the disease from spreading and to decrease potential future complications from the diseases.
Finally, the tertiary prevention helps in reducing the damage caused by a symptomatic disease by focusing on rehabilitating physical and mental health of an individual. It aims at maximizing the remaining functions and capabilities of a diseased patient. It involves preventing pain and damage, stopping progression and minimizing complications from a disease and restoring the overall health and function of the person affected by a disease.
Preventive medicine consists of three specialty areas with common skills and core knowledge that involve different environments, populations or practice settings namely:
It involves research, clinical care and operational support of the health and safety of passengers and crew members of air and space vehicles while also providing the same care to the support personnel who assist in operations of such vehicles. It focuses on the population that often lives and works in remote, extreme, isolated or enclosed environments where they are prone to more physical and psychological stress. Aerospace Medicine involves care and counter measures against disorders and diseases caused due to such conditions.
It has a primary focus on the health of workers who are exposed to certain harmful environmental conditions. It also focuses on a person's ability to work; the chemical, physical, and biological environments and the health outcomes of such environmental exposures. Occupational medicine involves the promotion of work place health and preventing and managing of occupational hazards like diseases, illness, injury and disability.
Public Health and General Preventive Medicine:
It focuses on promoting and managing the general health and preventing diseases of communities and defined populations. Public Health and General Preventive Medicine involves betterment of population-based public health skills with the knowledge of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention-oriented clinical practice in a wide range of settings.