At Fortis Escorts Kidney Institute, nephrologists and hypertension specialists work closely with other specialists, including cardiologists, endocrinologists, pharmacists, nurses, educators and dietitians to deliver high-quality, cost-effective care to people who have chronic kidney disease. This means that you're not getting just one opinion — you benefit from the knowledge and experience of each specialist.
Close collaboration enables the team to have your test results available quickly and to coordinate scheduling your appointments. Evaluation and treatment that might take months elsewhere can typically be done in only a matter of days at Fortis Escorts Kidney Institute.
A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the spine just below the rib cage. Each is about the size of a fist. Their main function is to filter and remove waste, minerals and fluid from the blood by producing urine.
When your kidneys lose this filtering ability, harmful levels of fluid and waste accumulate in your body, which can raise your blood pressure and result in kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease). End-stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys have lost about 90% of their ability to function normally. Some people whose kidneys are not functioning or failed, either one or both the kidneys must be replaced with donor kidneys from a living or deceased person. However, a person can survive & lead a healthy life with only one kidney functioning.
Common causes of end-stage kidney disease include:
- Chronic, uncontrolled high blood pressure
- Chronic glomerulonephritis — an inflammation and eventual scarring of the tiny filters within your kidneys (glomeruli)
- Polycystic kidney disease
People with end-stage renal disease need to have waste removed from their bloodstream via a machine (dialysis) or a kidney transplant to stay alive.
Who can be a Kidney Donor?
Kidney donors may be either living or deceased.
Because the body can function perfectly well with just one healthy kidney, a family member with two healthy kidneys may choose to donate one of them to you.Any family member such as parent, child, brother, sister, someone who is emotionally related to the recipient like a friend, spouse or in-laws with age above 18 years must be healthy, & in good physical & mental health.
Post Transplantation care (Recipient & Donor)
You’ll wake up in a recovery room. Hospital staff will monitor your vital signs until they’re sure you’re awake and stable. Then, they’ll transfer you to a hospital room.
Even if you feel great after your transplant (many people do), you’ll likely need to stay in the hospital for up to a week after surgery.
Your new kidney may start to clear waste from the body immediately, or it may take up to a few weeks before it starts functioning. Kidneys donated by family members usually start working more quickly than those from unrelated or deceased donors.
Hospital staff will monitor vital signs daily & gets discharged from ICU after 9 days and donor get discharged within 4 days from room once he gets stable in ICU.
Before you leave the hospital, your transplant team will give you specific instructions on how and when to take your medications. Make sure that you understand these instructions, and ask as many questions as needed. Your doctors will also create a checkup schedule for you to follow after surgery for regular checkups at least for a year.
You'll take a number of medications after your kidney transplant. Drugs called immunosuppressant’s (anti-rejection medications) help keep your immune system from attacking and rejecting your new kidney. Additional drugs help reduce the risk of other complications, such as infection, after your transplant.
Your transplant team includes a nutrition specialist (dietitian) who can discuss your nutrition and diet needs and answer any questions you have after your transplant. Your dietitian may also recommend:
- Maintaining a low-salt and low-fat diet.
- Following food safety guidelines.
- Staying hydrated by drinking adequate water and other fluids each day.
You should follow the recommended routine as advised by the consultant. If patient has pain, swelling & flu-like symptoms, must visit the consultant immediately.
A person may return to work & do other normal activities within 8 weeks after transplantation.