Laparoscopic surgery is known by quite a few names such as minimally invasive surgery, keyhole surgery, band aid surgery, etc because of its nature. It is a surgical procedure that uses a thin, lighted tube to put through an incision in the abdomen to examine the internal organs. It is essentially helpful in finding problems such as cysts, fibroids, adhesions and infection. Tissue samples can be taken for biopsy through the tube. It is widely used in gynaecology, gastroenterology and urology.
In many cases laparoscopy can be done instead of laparotomy surgery that uses a larger incision in the belly. It is less stressful and usually has fewer problems and lower costs.
At Fortis Escorts Department of General and Laparoscopic Surgery, we are equipped with the latest technology and infrastructure, and have a team of highly experienced team of surgeons. The department specializes in performing all major surgeries involving soft tissues, abdomen, breast, skin, and hernia. Patients not only receive specialized assessment and latest treatments but also clinical post-operative care, medications and a regular follow-up.
It is necessarily done if a person experiences pain from gallstones that block the flow of bile and is performed by inserting a small video camera and special surgical tools through four small incisions to see inside the patient's abdomen and remove the gallbladder.It is the most common way for a gallbladder to be removed, usually for gallstones which are causing pain.
Removal of the appendix
It is a surgical procedure to access the appendix through a few small incisions in the abdomen. The procedure involves insertion of a small, narrow tube called a cannula to inflate your abdomen with carbon dioxide that allows the surgeon to see your appendix more clearly. Once the abdomen is inflated, a laparoscope - a thin, long tube with a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera at the front - will be inserted through the incision. It will display the images on a screen that allows the surgeon to see inside the patient's abdomen and guide the instruments. When the appendix is found, it will be tied off with stitches and removed.
It is a surgical procedure to remove uterine fibroids - called leiomyomas which are the noncancerous growths that appear in the uterus. During myomectomy,the surgeon's primary focus is on taking out symptom-causing fibroids and reconstructing the uterus.
Removal of patches of endometriosis
In this procedure, a thin telescope-like instrument called a laparoscope is pushed through a small incision in the abdomen. The surgeon then uses this laparoscope to see inside the abdomen and to direct heat, or a laser, or a beam of a special type of helium gas, to remove patches of endometriosis. It can also be done to remove cysts.
Removal of parts of the intestines
In this procedure, a surgeon makes 3 to 5 small incisions in the patient's lower abdomen and a laparoscope is inserted through one of the cuts.The patient's abdomen is inflated with gas and then the diseased part of your small intestine is located and removed.
It is a surgical procedure to remove all or part of a patient's thyroid gland. It is done to treat thyroid disorders, such as cancer, noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid and hyperthyroidism.
Female sterilization by Laparoscopy enables the physician to complete tubal ligation by making a small incision near the navel. A tubal ligation is a method of sterilization and includes obstruction of the fallopian tubes. Once the fallopian tubes are closed, the man's sperm can no longer reach the egg. The smaller incision not only reduces recovery time after surgery but also lowers the risk of complications.
It is the surgical removal of the tonsils and is done to treat sleep-disordered breathing, other problems related to enlarged tonsils and to treat diseases of the tonsils.
Treating ectopic pregnancy
In this surgical procedure, the patient is given an anaesthetic and small incisions are made in your abdomen. A laparoscope and other small surgical instruments are then inserted through the incisions. The whole fallopian tube containing the pregnancy is removed if the other fallopian tube is healthy otherwise, an attempt to remove the pregnancy without removing the whole tube is made.
Advantages of a Laparoscopic Surgery
- Smaller surgical scars: As the incision made in a Laparoscopy is small (usually 0.5-1.5 cm), the surgical scars are very small as compared to other surgeries.
- Reduced blood loss during surgery: As there is reduced haemorrhaging in a laparoscopic surgery, the blood loss during the surgery is highly reduced.
- Less pain following surgery: Smaller incision reduces pain, therefore, less pain medication is needed.
- Reduced risk of infection: As the exposure of internal organs to possible external contaminants is highly reduced in a laparoscopic surgery, thereby the risk of infections is minimal.
- Shorter hospital stay: Although the times for the procedure are slightly longer, hospital stay is quite less and the patient is discharged within the same day which leads to a faster return to normal activity.
- Economic effectiveness: Although the price for the operation maybe slightly higher, the complete treatment is more economical because of the reduced hospital stay and patient's rehabilitation.